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Anim Reprod Sci. 2007 Aug;100(3-4):291-300. Epub 2006 Aug 30.

Aspiration of oocytes from transitional, cycling, and pregnant mares.

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  • 1Animal Reproduction and Biotechnology Lab, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523-1683, USA.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of three approaches for recovering equine oocytes via transvaginal ultrasound-guided follicular aspiration. Fourteen mares were used as oocyte donors during the spring transition period and physiologic breeding season, and 11 mares were bred for use as oocyte donors during early gestation. In all mares, large (>20 mm) and small (10-20 mm) follicles were aspirated in eight rounds every 10-11 days. In each of the four rounds during the transition period, half the mares received 12.5 mg eFSH once daily for 4 days prior to aspiration. For each of the four rounds during the cycling season, half the mares received 12.5 mg eFSH twice daily for 3 days prior to aspiration. Pregnant mares were aspirated on days 25, 40 and 55 of gestation and received no eFSH. There were more large (>20 mm) follicles in cycling controls (2.25+/-0.27) and cycling FSH-treated (2.64+/-0.27) mares than in transitional FSH-treated mares (1.18+/-0.27). The number of oocytes recovered from small (10-20 mm) follicles varied by mare (P<0.05) and averaged 1.08+/-0.22 per aspiration for transitional mares and 1.23+/-0.22 per aspiration for cycling mares (P>0.1). The number of oocytes per aspiration from large follicles was greater in cycling FSH-treated mares (0.46+/-0.09) than in transitional control mares (0.11+/-0.09). In pregnant mares, more large follicles were present at day 25 than at any other time, and the number of oocytes per aspiration from large follicles was greater at day 25 (0.73+/-0.16) than at day 55 (0.04+/-0.18). When compared across all seasons and treatments, the day 25 pregnant mares yielded the greatest number of oocytes per aspiration (2.91+/-0.66 per mare).

PMID:
16938415
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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