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Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2006 Aug;97(2):175-81.

Effect of challenge method on sensitivity, reactivity, and maximal response to methacholine.

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  • 1Sección de Alergología, Hospital Universitario Dr Peset, Valencia, Spain. prieto_jes@gva.es

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Recent data suggest that the tidal breathing method may produce methacholine provocation concentration that caused a decrease in forced expiratory volume in 1 second of 20% (PC20) values significantly lower than the dosimeter method; however, the effect of the challenge method on the shape of the concentration-response curve has not been investigated.

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the effect of the challenge method on sensitivity, reactivity, and maximal response to methacholine.

METHODS:

We measured airway responsiveness to methacholine using dosimeter and tidal breathing methods in 30 individuals with suspected asthma. Concentration-response curves were characterized by their PC20 (sensitivity), slope (reactivity), and, if possible, level of plateau.

RESULTS:

Dosimeter PC20 values were significantly higher than tidal breathing values (geometric mean, 8.9 and 5.2 mg/mL, respectively); the mean difference in PC20 values obtained using each method was 0.78 doubling concentrations (P = .01). The mean slopes were 22.7%/log mg/mL using the tidal breathing method and 24.9%/log mg/mL using the dosimeter method; the mean difference in the slopes obtained using each method was -2.17%/log mg/mL (P = .18). In 10 individuals who showed a plateau with the 2 methacholine challenge tests, the mean level of plateau was 19.8% using the tidal breathing method and 19.5% using the dosimeter method; the mean difference in the plateau values obtained with each method was 0.3% (P = .87).

CONCLUSIONS:

Although the tidal breathing method produces methacholine PC20 values significantly lower than the dosimeter method, both methods provide similar values for slope and level of plateau. These results suggest that the technical factors that affect methacholine sensitivity and the shape of the curve are different.

Comment in

PMID:
16937747
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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