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Genome. 2006 Jun;49(6):648-56.

Evaluation of amplified fragment length polymorphism and simple sequence repeats for tomato germplasm fingerprinting: utility for grouping closely related traditional cultivars.

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  • 1Department of Applied Biology Crta. de Beniel km 3,2 -03312-Orihuela, Spain.


Cultivated tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) germplasm shows limited genetic variation. Many DNA marker systems have been used for genetic diversity studies in wild and cultivated tomatoes, but their usefulness for characterizing phenotypic differences among very closely related cultivars remains uncertain. We have used 19 selected simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers and 7 amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) primer combinations to characterize 48 cultivars of tomato, mainly traditional cultivars from the south-east of Spain. The main types were Solanum lycopersicum L. 'Muchamiel', 'De la pera', and 'Moruno'. The robustness of the dendrograms and the discrimination power reached with each marker type were similar. Unique fingerprinting even of the most closely related tomato cultivars could be obtained using a combination of some SSR and AFLP markers. A better grouping of the 'Muchamiel' cultivars was observed with SSR markers, whereas the grouping of cultivars of 'De la pera' type was best achieved with AFLPs. However, both types of markers adequately grouped cultivars of the main types, confirming the utility of SSR and AFLP markers for the identification of traditional cultivars of tomato.

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