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Eur J Cancer. 2006 Dec;42(18):3219-27. Epub 2006 Aug 28.

Polymorphisms in the E-cadherin (CDH1) gene promoter and the risk of bladder cancer.

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  • 1Department of Urology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands; Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, P.O. Box 9101, 6500 HB, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Abstract

AIM:

E-cadherin plays a role in carcinogenesis. For two genetic polymorphisms in the gene (CDH1) promoter, a reduced transcription has been reported: a C/A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and a G/GA SNP at -160 bp and -347 bp, respectively, upstream of the transcriptional start site. We studied the association between both polymorphisms and the risk of bladder cancer.

METHODS:

One hundred and ninety-seven patients with bladder cancer and 344 population controls were genotyped and haplotyped for both SNPs.

RESULTS:

A borderline significantly increased risk for bladder cancer was found for A allele carriers (OR 1.36; 95% CI: 0.96-1.94). We did not find any association between the -347 G/GA SNP and bladder cancer. Haplotype analyses did not yield much stronger associations with bladder cancer than the -160 C/A genotype analyses.

CONCLUSION:

This study supports earlier suggestions that the -160 C/A SNP in the CDH1 promoter is a risk factor for bladder cancer.

PMID:
16934975
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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