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Cardiovasc Res. 2006 Oct 1;72(1):134-42. Epub 2006 Jul 14.

Cardiac ICAM-1 mediates leukocyte-dependent decreased ventricular contractility in endotoxemic mice.

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  • 1Critical Care Research Laboratories, St. Paul's Hospital, University of British Columbia, 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6Z 1Y6.



Binding of ICAM-1 expressed on cardiomyocytes decreases cardiomyocyte contractility in vitro by altering the intracellular Ca2+ transient. We tested the hypothesis that signaling via ICAM-1 contributes to decreased left ventricular contractility in an in vivo model of systemic inflammation.


C57B6 wild-type mice and ICAM-1 knock-out mice were treated with intraperitoneal lipopolysaccharide (LPS) then left ventricular contractility was measured 6 h later using a volume-conductance micromanometer catheter. We repeated this experiment in chimeric mice lacking ICAM-1 expression in bone marrow-derived cells (M-) and/or lacking ICAM-1 expression in the heart and other tissues (H-).


In C57B6 wild-type mice LPS injection significantly increased cardiac ICAM-1 expression and decreased in vivo measures of left ventricular contractility (end-systolic elastance, Ees decreased 58 +/- 4%, p < 0.05, [dP/dtmax]/EDV decreased 60 +/- 6%, p < 0.05). Cyclophosphamide pretreatment to decrease leukocyte count prevented the LPS-induced decrease in contractility. In ICAM-1 knock-out mice LPS did not decrease any measure of contractility. LPS did not decrease left ventricular contractility in M+/H- mice but decreased contractility in M+/H+ and M-/H+ mice to the same extent as in C57B6 wild-type mice implicating the importance of cardiac ICAM-1.


We conclude that signaling via cardiac ICAM-1 is necessary to mediate leukocyte-dependent decreases of left ventricular contractility in endotoxemic mice.

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