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Addiction. 2006 Sep;101 Suppl 1:142-51.

Should addictive disorders include non-substance-related conditions?

Author information

  • Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA. marc.potenza@yale.edu

Abstract

AIMS:

In anticipation of the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V), to consider whether addictive disorders should include non-substance use disorders.

METHODS:

The author reviewed data and provided perspective to explore whether disorders such as pathological gambling (PG) should be grouped together with substance dependence, given that they share many features.

RESULTS:

PG and substance dependence currently reside in the DSM, fourth edition, text revision (DSM-IV-TR) within separate categories, with PG classified as an impulse control disorder (ICD) and substance dependence as a substance use disorder (SUD). Arguments can be forwarded to support each categorization, as well as to justify their inclusion together as addictions.

CONCLUSIONS:

The current state of knowledge suggests that there exist substantial similarities between PG and SUDs. Further research is indicated prior to categorizing PG and other ICDs together with SUDs.

PMID:
16930171
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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