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J Biol Chem. 2006 Oct 20;281(42):32025-35. Epub 2006 Aug 22.

PKR1 encodes an assembly factor for the yeast V-type ATPase.

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  • 1Division of Immunology and Cell Biology, Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84132-2501, USA.


Deletion of the yeast gene PKR1 (YMR123W) results in an inability to grow on iron-limited medium. Pkr1p is localized to the membrane of the endoplasmic reticulum. Cells lacking Pkr1p show reduced levels of the V-ATPase subunit Vph1p due to increased turnover of the protein in mutant cells. Reduced levels of the V-ATPase lead to defective copper loading of Fet3p, a component of the high affinity iron transport system. Levels of Vph1p in cells lacking Pkr1p are similar to cells unable to assemble a functional V-ATPase due to lack of a V0 subunit or an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) assembly factor. However, unlike yeast mutants lacking a V0 subunit or a V-ATPase assembly factor, low levels of Vph1p present in cells lacking Pkr1p are assembled into a V-ATPase complex, which exits the ER and is present on the vacuolar membrane. The V-ATPase assembled in the absence of Pkr1p is fully functional because the mutant cells are able to weakly acidify their vacuoles. Finally, overexpression of the V-ATPase assembly factor Vma21p suppresses the growth and acidification defects of pkr1Delta cells. Our data indicate that Pkr1p functions together with the other V-ATPase assembly factors in the ER to efficiently assemble the V-ATPase membrane sector.

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