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Mol Cell Biol. 2006 Oct;26(20):7791-805. Epub 2006 Aug 21.

Different routes of bone morphogenic protein (BMP) receptor endocytosis influence BMP signaling.

Author information

  • 1Department of Physiological Chemistry II, University of Wuerzburg, Wuerzburg, Germany.

Abstract

Endocytosis is important for a variety of functions in eukaryotic cells, including the regulation of signaling cascades via transmembrane receptors. The internalization of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) receptor type I (BRI) and type II (BRII) and its relation to signaling were largely unexplored. Here, we demonstrate that both receptor types undergo constitutive endocytosis via clathrin-coated pits (CCPs) but that only BRII undergoes also caveola-like internalization. Using several complementary approaches, we could show that (i) BMP-2-mediated Smad1/5 phosphorylation occurs at the plasma membrane in nonraft regions, (ii) continuation of Smad signaling resulting in a transcriptional response requires endocytosis via the clathrin-mediated route, and (iii) BMP signaling leading to alkaline phosphatase induction initiates from receptors that fractionate into cholesterol-enriched, detergent-resistant membranes. Furthermore, we show that BRII interacts with Eps15R, a constitutive component of CCPs, and with caveolin-1, the marker protein of caveolae. Taken together, the localization of BMP receptors in distinct membrane domains is prerequisite to their taking different endocytosis routes with specific impacts on Smad-dependent and Smad-independent signaling cascades.

PMID:
16923969
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1636853
Free PMC Article
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