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Biochimie. 2007 Jan;89(1):1-20. Epub 2006 Aug 4.

The control of histone lysine methylation in epigenetic regulation.

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  • 1Institut de Recherche Interdisciplinaire, CNRS FRE 2963, IRI @ Institut de Biologie de Lille, 1, rue du Pr. Calmette, F-59021 Lille Cedex, France.


Histone lysine methylation plays a fundamental role in chromatin organization and function. This epigenetic mark is involved in many biological processes such as heterochromatin formation, chromosome X inactivation, genomic imprinting and transcriptional regulation. Here, we review recent advances in how histone lysine methylation participates in these biological events, and the enzymes that control histone lysine methylation and demethylation.

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