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Mol Cell Biol. 2006 Sep;26(17):6702-12.

ZFP100, a component of the active U7 snRNP limiting for histone pre-mRNA processing, is required for entry into S phase.

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  • 1Program in Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, CB #7100, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA.


Metazoan replication-dependent histone mRNAs are the only eukaryotic mRNAs that are not polyadenylated. The cleavage of histone pre-mRNA to form the unique 3' end requires the U7 snRNP and the stem-loop binding protein (SLBP) that binds the 3' end of histone mRNA. U7 snRNP contains three novel proteins, Lsm10 and Lsm11, which are part of the core U7 Sm complex, and ZFP100, a Zn finger protein that helps stabilize binding of the U7 snRNP to the histone pre-mRNA by interacting with the SLBP/pre-mRNA complex. Using a reporter gene that encodes a green fluorescent protein mRNA ending in a histone 3' end and mimics histone gene expression, we demonstrate that ZFP100 is the limiting factor for histone pre-mRNA processing in vivo. The overexpression of Lsm10 and Lsm11 increases the cellular levels of U7 snRNP but has no effect on histone pre-mRNA processing, while increasing the amount of ZFP100 increases histone pre-mRNA processing but has no effect on U7 snRNP levels. We also show that knocking down the known components of U7 snRNP by RNA interference results in a reduction in cell growth and an unsuspected cell cycle arrest in early G(1), suggesting that active U7 snRNP is necessary to allow progression through G(1) phase to S phase.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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