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J Am Geriatr Soc. 2006 Aug;54(8):1237-40.

Characteristics of 32 supercentenarians.

Author information

  • 1Clinical Aging Program, Department of Psychology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To report phenotypic characteristics of 32 age-validated supercentenarians.

DESIGN:

Case series.

SETTING:

U.S.-based recruitment effort.

PARTICIPANTS:

Thirty-two supercentenarians.

MEASUREMENTS:

Multiple forms of proof were used to validate age claims. Sociodemographic, activities of daily living, and medical history data were collected.

RESULTS:

Age range was 110 to 119. Fifty-nine percent had Barthel Index scores in the partially to totally dependent range, whereas 41% required minimal assistance or were independent. Few subjects had a history of clinically evident vascular-related diseases, including myocardial infarction (n=2, 6%) and stroke (n=4, 13%). Twenty-two percent (n=7) were taking medications for hypertension. Twenty-five percent (n=8) had a history of cancer (all cured). Diabetes mellitus (n=1, 3%) and Parkinson's disease (n=1, 3%) were rare. Osteoporosis (n=14, 44%) and cataract history (n=28, 88%) were common.

CONCLUSION:

Data collected thus far suggest that supercentenarians markedly delay and even escape clinical expression of vascular disease toward the end of their exceptionally long lives. A surprisingly substantial proportion of these individuals were still functionally independent or required minimal assistance.

PMID:
16913991
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2895458
Free PMC Article
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