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Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys. 2006 Jun;73(6 Pt 2):066609. Epub 2006 Jun 8.

Opening up complete photonic bandgaps in three-dimensional photonic crystals consisting of biaxial dielectric spheres.

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  • 1Surface Physics Laboratory, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, P. R. China. 041019018@fudan.edu.cn

Abstract

In this paper, the scattering matrix of sphere with dielectric biaxial anisotropy is obtained exactly within the framework of the extended Mie theory. By incorporating the scattering matrix into the multiple scattering method, we study theoretically the photonic band structure of three dimensional photonic crystals consisting of biaxial dielectric spheres. Our results demonstrate that complete photonic bandgaps can be found in both fcc and sc lattice structures, which are absent in photonic crystals composed of isotropic dielectric spheres. Moreover we have compared our results with those coming from the photonic crystals consisting of the uniaxially birefringent dielectric spheres. It is found that because of the enhancement of the anisotropy, the degeneracy is lifted further, resulting in two neighboring photonic bandgaps, the lower one is complete while the upper one is partial existing only in some special regions of the first Brillouin zone.

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