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Neuron. 1990 Mar;4(3):379-91.

Inhibition of Ca2+ and K+ channels in sympathetic neurons by neuropeptides and other ganglionic transmitters.

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  • 1Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, Beckman Center, Stanford University Medical Center, Palo Alto, California 94305.

Abstract

Neuropeptides are known to modulate the excitability of frog sympathetic neurons by inhibiting the M-current and increasing the leak current, but their effects on Ca2+ channels are poorly understood. We compared effects of LHRH, substance P, epinephrine, and muscarine on Ca2+, K+, and leak currents in dissociated frog sympathetic neurons. At concentrations that inhibit M-current, LHRH and substance P strongly reduced N-type Ca2+ current and induced a leak conductance that may contribute to slow EPSPs. In contrast, muscarine produced little reduction of Ca2+ current, even in cells in which it strongly suppressed the M-current. We find that peptidergic inhibition of Ca2+ channels involves G proteins, but does not require protein kinases. In addition, it leads to reductions in Ca2(+)-activated K+ current and catecholamine release.

PMID:
1690565
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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