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Urology. 2006 Aug;68(2):429-35.

Vardenafil prevents fibrosis and loss of corporal smooth muscle that occurs after bilateral cavernosal nerve resection in the rat.

Author information

  • 1Department of Urology, University of California, Los Angeles, David Geffen School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California, USA. mferrrini@labiomed.org

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Impotence, specifically corporal veno-occlusive dysfunction (CVOD), occurs after radical prostatectomy. It results from the effects of cavernosal nerve damage, which causes smooth muscle (SM) loss and an increase in collagen within the corpora. Recent reports have suggested that long-term treatment with phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors after radical prostatectomy may prevent such changes. We aimed to determine whether bilateral cavernosal nerve resection (BCNX) in the rat leads to CVOD and whether long-term phosphodiesterase-5 inhibition ameliorates these histologic and functional impairments.

METHODS:

Rats (n = 7 to 11/group) underwent either the sham operation, BCNX, or BCNX plus 30 mg/L vardenafil in the drinking water. Before the rats were killed 45 days later, CVOD was assessed by dynamic infusion cavernosometry. The corpora underwent histochemistry/immunohistochemistry with quantitative image analysis for SM/collagen ratio, collagen III/I ratio, alpha-SM actin, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), proliferating cell nuclear antigen, and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate nick end labeling as a marker of apoptosis.

RESULTS:

Compared with the sham group, the BCNX rats demonstrated CVOD as measured by the drop rate, a 60% reduction in the SM/collagen ratio, a twofold increase in iNOS expression, and a threefold increase in intracorporeal apoptosis. Compared with the BCNX group, vardenafil increased both iNOS and proliferating cell nuclear antigen expression (SM cell replication), with normalization of the dynamic infusion cavernosometry drop rate and SM/collagen ratio.

CONCLUSIONS:

Long-term treatment with vardenafil may prevent CVOD after radical prostatectomy by preserving SM content and inhibiting corporal fibrosis possibly by its effect on iNOS.

PMID:
16904479
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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