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Endocr J. 2006 Oct;53(5):659-63. Epub 2006 Aug 11.

Intrasellar remote metastasis from adenoid cystic carcinoma of parotid gland: case report.

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  • 1Department of Neurosurgery, Neurological Institute, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

Adenoid cystic carcinoma is a tumor of exocrine glands originating primarily from the minor and major salivary glands, lacrimal gland, bronchus, breast, and intestinal and genital tracts. Intracranial remote metastasis from adenoid cystic carcinoma in salivary gland is quite rare. The authors encountered a case of intrasellar remote metastasis from an adenoid cystic carcinoma of parotid gland origin, presenting with hyponatremia secondary to the syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (SIADH). To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of metastasis from an adenoid cystic carcinoma to intrasellar area. A 78-year-old woman had an adenoid cystic carcinoma in the left parotid gland, which was resected surgically followed by local radiation therapy of 60 Gy. After 4 years, the patient presented with general malaise, followed by disturbed consciousness caused by hyponatremia. The clinical data showed severe hyponatremia induced by SIADH. An intrasellar heterogenous mass lesion compressing the optic chiasm was resected subtotally via an endonasal transsphenoidal approach. Histopathological examination of the tumor specimens revealed adenoid cystic carcinoma, which had identical histological findings as those of the painful superficial cervical lymph nodes resected in the same operation. Tumors such as the present case are easily confused with pituitary adenoma or craniopharyngioma. Although rare, metastasis from tumors including those of salivary gland origin should be considered in the differential diagnosis of unusual pituitary tumors.

PMID:
16902261
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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