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Lupus. 2006;15(7):422-7.

Advances and applications of multiplexed diagnostic technologies in autoimmune diseases.

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  • Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. fritzler@ucalgary.ca

Abstract

There is a rapid proliferation of new technologies to identify an ever increasing spectrum of autoantibodies in diverse medical conditions that range from organ-specific autoimmune diseases to systemic rheumatic diseases. Although many laboratories have adopted diagnostic platforms, such as enzyme linked immunoassays (ELISAs), to improve turn around times and meet budget constraints, the prevailing evidence is that the rapid adoption of new technologies is not attended by an appropriate balance of assay sensitivity and specificity. Emerging diagnostic technologies include addressable laser bead immunoassays, microarrays in microfluidics platforms and nanobarcode particles. Although these technologies provide advantages of high-throughput, multiplexed autoantibody assays that can be coupled to other disease specific biomarkers (ie, cytokines, single nucleotide polymorphisms) there is a clear need for standardization and internal validation before they are adopted into the clinical diagnostic laboratory.

PMID:
16898176
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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