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Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2006 Sep;72(3):442-9. Epub 2006 Aug 5.

Perspectives and advances of biological H2 production in microorganisms.

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  • 1Institute for Molecular Bioscience, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.


The rapid development of clean fuels for the future is a critically important global challenge for two main reasons. First, new fuels are needed to supplement and ultimately replace depleting oil reserves. Second, fuels capable of zero CO2 emissions are needed to slow the impact of global warming. This review summarizes the development of solar powered bio-H2 production processes based on the conversion of photosynthetic products by fermentative bacteria, as well as using photoheterotrophic and photoautrophic organisms. The use of advanced bioreactor systems and their potential and limitations in terms of process design, efficiency, and cost are also briefly reviewed.

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