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Brain Res. 1990 Feb 12;509(1):169-71.

CNS monoamines and their metabolites in canine narcolepsy: a replication study.

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  • 1Department of Biological Sciences, Stanford University, CA 94305.


In two separate studies a significantly greater concentration of DA (dopamine) and its metabolite, DOPAC (3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid), was observed in the amygdala of narcoleptic canines. DOPAC was also significantly elevated in the reticularis parvicellularis, whereas NE (norepinephrine) was significantly elevated in the reticularis oralis, but depressed in the preoptic hypothalamus. No changes were observed in concentrations of serotonin or its metabolite, 5-HIAA (5-hydroxyindoleauric acid) in any region in the narcoleptic canine brain. Results of the two studies were similar, except that previously observed differences between narcoleptic and control canines in DOPAC levels in the caudate and reticularis oralis failed to replicate. Thus, steady state measures of neurotransmitter/metabolite tissue concentrations suggest region-specific alterations in DA and NE metabolism, rather than a global deficit in catecholamine neurotransmission in canine narcolepsy.

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