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Nucl Med Commun. 2006 Sep;27(9):715-21.

Accurate diagnosis of acute pyelonephritis: How helpful is procalcitonin?

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  • 1Department of Paediatrics, Akdeniz University, School of Medicine, Antalya, Turkey.

Abstract

AIM:

This prospective study aimed to investigate the diagnostic value of serum procalcitonin levels in children with acute pyelonephritis documented by Tc-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scintigraphy.

METHODS:

We compared the symptoms and laboratory findings of fever, vomiting, abdominal/flank pain, leukocyte count, serum C-reactive protein and procalcitonin levels with the results of the DMSA scan obtained within the first 72 h after referral in children who were diagnosed as having acute pyelonephritis. Thirty-three children (31 female and two male) aged 1-11 years (mean 4.42 years) were enrolled in this prospective study.

RESULTS:

Twenty-one of 33 patients (64%) had positive DMSA scans. On the scans obtained after 6 months, five of 21 patients (23.8%) had renal scars. No correlation was found between clinical and laboratory parameters, alone or combined with each other, and positive DMSA scans. Serum procalcitonin levels were 0.767+/-0.64 and 1.23+/-1.17 ng . ml in children with normal and positive DMSA scans, respectively. The cut-off value for procalcitonin using receiver operating characteristic analysis was 0.9605 ng . ml, while sensitivity and specificity were 86.4% and 36.4%, respectively. However, if the cut-off value was chosen as 2 ng . ml, the sensitivity increased to 100% while specificity did not change markedly.

CONCLUSION:

The serum procalcitonin test, like other commonly used laboratory parameters, e.g. serum C-reactive protein and white blood cell count, was inadequate in distinguishing renal parenchymal involvement in acute febrile urinary tract infections.

PMID:
16894326
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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