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J Gen Virol. 2006 Sep;87(Pt 9):2477-85.

Generation of an adenoviral vaccine vector based on simian adenovirus 21.

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  • 1Gene Therapy Program, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.

Abstract

Adenoviral vectors can be used to generate potent humoral and cellular immune responses to transgene products. Use of adenoviral vectors based on non-human isolates may allow for their utilization in populations harbouring neutralizing antibodies to common human serotypes. A vector chimera was constructed using simian adenovirus 22 (a serotype belonging to the species Human adenovirus E) and simian adenovirus 21 (a serotype belonging to the species Human adenovirus B) expressing the Ebola (Zaire) virus glycoprotein (Ad C5/C1-ZGP). This chimeric adenovirus vector was used as a model to test its efficacy as a genetic vaccine and comparisons were made to a vector based on the commonly used human adenovirus C serotype 5 (Adhu5-ZGP). Ebola glycoprotein-specific T- and B-cell responses were measured in B10BR mice vaccinated with either Adhu5-ZGP or Ad C5/C1-ZGP vectors. Both vectors resulted in Ebola glycoprotein-specific gamma interferon-expressing T cells, although the Ad C5/C1-ZGP vector appeared to induce lower frequencies with kinetics slower than those elicited by the Adhu5-ZGP vector. The total immunoglobulin G response to Ebola glycoprotein was similar in sera from mice vaccinated with either vector. Two rhesus macaques vaccinated with the Ad C5/C1-ZGP vector were found to mount T-cell and antibody responses to the Ebola glycoprotein. It was found that a single administration of the chimeric Ad C5/C1-ZGP vector protected mice against a lethal challenge with a mouse-adapted strain of the Ebola (Zaire) virus.

PMID:
16894185
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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