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J Biol Chem. 2006 Sep 29;281(39):28494-8. Epub 2006 Aug 7.

Hereditary hemochromatosis protein, HFE, interaction with transferrin receptor 2 suggests a molecular mechanism for mammalian iron sensing.

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  • 1Harvard Medical School, Children's Hospital Boston, Division of Hematology/Oncology and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02115-5737, USA.


HFE and transferrin receptor 2 (TFR2) are membrane proteins integral to mammalian iron homeostasis and associated with human hereditary hemochromatosis. Here we demonstrate that HFE and TFR2 interact in cells, that this interaction is not abrogated by disease-associated mutations of HFE and TFR2, and that TFR2 competes with TFR1 for binding to HFE. We propose a new model for the mechanism of iron status sensing that results in the regulation of iron homeostasis.

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