Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Genomics. 2006 Dec;88(6):690-7. Epub 2006 Aug 4.

Frequent appearance of novel protein-coding sequences by frameshift translation.

Author information

  • 1The Centre for Applied Genomics, Program in Genetics and Genomic Biology, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada ON M5G 1L7.

Abstract

Genomic duplication, followed by divergence, contributes to organismal evolution. Several mechanisms, such as exon shuffling and alternative splicing, are responsible for novel gene functions, but they generate homologous domains and do not usually lead to drastic innovation. Major novelties can potentially be introduced by frameshift mutations and this idea can explain the creation of novel proteins. Here, we employ a strategy using simulated protein sequences and identify 470 human and 108 mouse frameshift events that originate new gene segments. No obvious interspecies overlap was observed, suggesting high rates of acquisition of evolutionary events. This inference is supported by a deficiency of TpA dinucleotides in the protein-coding sequences, which decreases the occurrence of translational termination, even on the complementary strand. Increased usage of the TGA codon as the termination signal in newer genes also supports our inference. This suggests that tolerated frameshift changes are a prevalent mechanism for the rapid emergence of new genes and that protein-coding sequences can be derived from existing or ancestral exons rather than from events that result in noncoding sequences becoming exons.

PMID:
16890400
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk