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Am J Transplant. 2006 Oct;6(10):2512-5. Epub 2006 Aug 1.

Iatrogenic amyloid neuropathy in a Japanese patient after sequential liver transplantation.

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  • 1Department of Gastroenterology, Central Clinical Facilites, Akita University School of Medicine, 1-1-1 Hond, Akita 010-8543, Japan.

Abstract

A 57-year-old woman in Japan, the first recipient of part of a liver from a 58-year-old man with familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy (FAP) amyloidogenic transthyretin Val30Met who had had sensorimotor polyneuropathy in the lower limbs for 3 years, started to develop sensory neuropathy 7 years after transplantation. Before the July 1998 sequential transplantation, she had been in a hepatic coma at the terminal stage of primary biliary cirrhosis and waiting for deceased donor liver transplantation. In September 2004, biopsy samples of her duodenum first showed amyloid deposition. Although biopsy materials in 2005 and 2006 showed no changes in amyloid deposition, decreased temperature sensation and pain in fingertips and toes were detected at a neurologic examination in March 2006. Thus, clinical symptoms of FAP appeared about 2 years after amyloid deposition started. Nerve conduction velocity studies revealed mild to moderate axonal sensory polyneuropathy without demyelination. Our findings confirmed iatrogenic sensory neuropathy induced by amyloid deposition 7 years after sequential liver transplantation.

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