Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2007 Jan;36(1):32-42. Epub 2006 Aug 3.

IL-1beta disrupts postnatal lung morphogenesis in the mouse.

Author information

  • 1Goteborg University, Department of Pediatrics, The Queen Silvia Children's Hospital, 41685 Goteborg, Sweden.


Pulmonary inflammation and increased production of the inflammatory cytokine IL-1beta are associated with the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in premature infants. To study the actions of IL-1beta in the fetal and newborn lung in vivo, we developed a bitransgenic mouse in which IL-1beta is expressed under conditional control in airway epithelial cells. Perinatal pulmonary expression of IL-1beta caused respiratory insufficiency that was associated with increased postnatal mortality. While intrauterine growth of IL-1beta-expressing mice was normal, their postnatal growth was impaired. IL-1beta disrupted alveolar septation and caused abnormalities in alpha-smooth muscle actin and elastin deposition in the septa of distal airspaces. IL-1beta disturbed capillary development and inhibited the production of vascular endothelial growth factor in the lungs of infant mice. IL-1beta induced the expression of CXC chemokines KC (CXCL1) and macrophage inflammatory protein-2 (CXCL2) and of CC chemokines monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP)-1 (CCL2) and MCP-3 (CCL7), consistent with neutrophilic and monocytic infiltration of the lungs. IL-1beta caused goblet cell metaplasia and bronchial smooth muscle hyperplasia. Perinatal expression of IL-1beta in epithelial cells of the lung caused a lung disease that was clinically and histologically similar to BPD.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Atypon Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk