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Science. 2006 Aug 4;313(5787):665-7.

Gender differences in patenting in the academic life sciences.

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  • 1Haas School of Business, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA.


We analyzed longitudinal data on academic careers and conducted interviews with faculty members to determine the scope and causes of the gender gap in patenting among life scientists. Our regressions on a random sample of 4227 life scientists over a 30-year period show that women faculty members patent at about 40% of the rate of men. We found that the gender gap has improved over time but remains large.

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