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J Biol Chem. 2006 Sep 29;281(39):29174-80. Epub 2006 Jul 31.

A role for 14-3-3 in insulin-stimulated GLUT4 translocation through its interaction with the RabGAP AS160.

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  • 1Diabetes and Obesity Program, Garvan Institute of Medical Research, Sydney, NSW, Australia.


Translocation of the insulin-regulated glucose transporter GLUT4 to the cell surface is dependent on the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt pathway. The RabGAP (Rab GTPase-activating protein) AS160 (Akt substrate of 160 kDa) is a direct substrate of Akt and plays an essential role in the regulation of GLUT4 trafficking. We have used liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry to identify several 14-3-3 isoforms as AS160-interacting proteins. 14-3-3 proteins interact with AS160 in an insulin- and Akt-dependent manner via an Akt phosphorylation site, Thr-642. This correlates with the dominant negative effect of both the AS160(T642A) and the AS160(4P) mutants on insulin-stimulated GLUT4 translocation. Introduction of a constitutive 14-3-3 binding site into AS160(4P) restored 14-3-3 binding without disrupting AS160-IRAP (insulin-responsive amino peptidase) interaction and reversed the inhibitory effect of AS160(4P) on GLUT4 translocation. These data show that the insulin-dependent association of 14-3-3 with AS160 plays an important role in GLUT4 trafficking in adipocytes.

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