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Oncogene. 2007 Jan 25;26(4):487-99. Epub 2006 Jul 31.

Human papillomavirus type 16 E6 protein interacts with cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator-associated ligand and promotes E6-associated protein-mediated ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation.

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  • 1Department of Biological Sciences, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon, Korea.

Abstract

The PDZ proteins such as hDLG, hScrib and MAGIs function as the membrane-associated protein scaffolds and have been shown to interact with the high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) E6s. In this report, we identify a Golgi-associated PDZ protein, cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator-associated ligand (CAL) as a cellular target of HPV16 E6 by the proteomic approach. The carboxy-terminal PDZ-binding motif of HPV16 E6 specifically interacts with the PDZ domain of CAL, and the interaction enhances proteasome-mediated degradation of CAL. HPV16 E6 interacts with CAL more strongly and degrades it better than HPV18 E6 owing to the more compatible PDZ-binding motif. CAL is ubiquitinated by the E6/E6-associated protein (E6AP) complex or by E6AP alone, albeit less efficiently, which indicates that it could be a normal target of E6AP. Although it downregulates CAL at the transcript level, small interfering RNA-induced depletion of HPV16 E6 in Caski cells stabilizes CAL at the protein level, suggesting that HPV16 E6 mediates the proteasomal degradation of CAL in HPV-positive cervical cancer cells. HPV16 E6 may tightly regulate the vesicular trafficking processes by interacting with CAL, and such a modification can contribute to the development of cervical cancer.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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