Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Nat Immunol. 2006 Sep;7(9):987-94. Epub 2006 Jul 30.

Invariant V(alpha)19i T cells regulate autoimmune inflammation.

Author information

  • 1Department of Immunology, National Institute of Neuroscience, National Centre of Neurology and Psychiatry, Tokyo 187-8502, Japan.


T cells expressing an invariant V(alpha)19-J(alpha)33 T cell receptor alpha-chain (V(alpha)19i TCR) are restricted by the nonpolymorphic major histocompatibility complex class Ib molecule MR1. Whether V(alpha)19i T cells are involved in autoimmunity is not understood. Here we demonstrate that T cells expressing the V(alpha)19i TCR transgene inhibited the induction and progression of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), a mouse model of multiple sclerosis. Similarly, EAE was exacerbated in MR1-deficient mice, which lack V(alpha)19i T cells. EAE suppression was accompanied by reduced production of inflammatory mediators and increased secretion of interleukin 10. Interleukin 10 production occurred at least in part through interactions between B cells and V(alpha)19i T cells mediated by the ICOS costimulatory molecule. These results suggest an immunoregulatory function for V(alpha)19i T cells.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Nature Publishing Group
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk