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Mymensingh Med J. 2006 Jul;15(2):204-7.

Hyper reactive malarial splenomegaly (HMS).

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  • 1CBMCB, Mymensingh. khan1997@bttb.net.bd


Hyper reactive malarial splenomegaly (HMS) is a relatively rare chronic complication of malaria. Previous name of the disease was Tropical splenomegaly syndrome (TSS). It is seen in endemic zone of malaria. In Bangladesh it is very rare. It is more prevalent in Africa, India, Sri Lanka, Thailand etc. It is due to abnormal immune response to malaria. Recently we got a typical case of HMS in our pediatric department of Community Based Medical College Hospital (CBMCH) Mymensingh. The patient, a seven years old boy came from Haluaghat, Mymensingh, which is a hyper endemic zone of malaria. The boy had history of repeated attack of malaria with huge chronic splenomegaly for five years. Antibody to malaria was positive & titer was markedly raised. Other causes of massive splenomegaly namely chronic Kala azar, Typhoid, congenital hemolytic anemia, Leukaemia, Lymphoma etc were excluded by laboratory examination. The boy was discharged with malaria prophylaxis for a long time & advised to come to our unit every month for further follow up.

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