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Shock. 2006 Aug;26(2):210-20.

Brain cooling causes attenuation of cerebral oxidative stress, systemic inflammation, activated coagulation, and tissue ischemia/injury during heatstroke.

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  • 1Institute of Physiology, National Yang-Ming University School of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan 112.

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to assess the therapeutic effect of hypothermic retrograde jugular vein flush (HRJVF) on heatstroke. HRJVF was accomplished by infusion of 4 degrees C isotonic sodium chloride solution via the external jugular vein (1.7 mL/100 g of body weight over 5 min). Immediately after the onset of heatstroke, anesthetized rats were divided into 2 major groups and given the following: 36 degrees C or 4 degrees C isotonic sodium chloride solution, i.v. They were exposed to ambient temperature of 43 degrees C to induce heatstroke. Another group of rats was exposed to room temperature (24 degrees C) and used as normothermic controls. When the 36 degrees C saline-treated rats underwent heat exposure, their survival time values were found to be 23 to 28 min. Immediately after the onset of heatstroke, resuscitation with an i.v. dose of 4 degrees C saline significantly improved survival during heatstroke (208-252 min). All heat-stressed animals displayed systemic inflammation and activated coagulation, evidenced by increased tumor necrosis factor alpha, prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, and d-dimer, and decreased platelet count and protein C. Biochemical markers evidenced cellular ischemia and injury/dysfunction: plasma levels of blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase, glutamic pyruvic transaminase, and alkaline phosphatase; and striatal levels of glycerol, glutamate, and lactate/pyruvate; dihydroxy benzoic acid, lipid peroxidation, oxidized-form glutathione reduced-form glutathione, dopamine, and serotonin were all elevated during heatstroke. Core and brain temperatures and intracranial pressure were also increased during heatstroke. In contrast, the values of mean arterial pressure, cerebral perfusion pressure, and striatal levels of local blood flow, partial pressure of oxygen, superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase, and glutathions reductase activities were all significantly lower during heatstroke. The circulatory dysfunction, systemic inflammation, hypercoagulable state, and cerebral oxidative stress, ischemia, and damage during heatstroke were all significantly suppressed by HRJVF. These findings demonstrate that brain cooling caused by HRJVF therapy may resuscitate persons who had a stroke by attenuating cerebral oxidative stress, systemic inflammation, activated coagulation, and tissue ischemia/injury during heatstroke.

PMID:
16878031
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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