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J Clin Oncol. 2006 Aug 1;24(22):3619-22.

Prospective study of incidence and severity of epiphora and canalicular stenosis in patients with metastatic breast cancer receiving docetaxel.

Author information

  • 1Section of Ophthalmology, Division of Pharmacy, Department of Breast Medical Oncology, The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA. besmaeli@mdanderson.org

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To determine the incidence and severity of epiphora and canalicular stenosis in patients receiving docetaxel weekly or every 3 weeks.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

In this prospective trial, each patient underwent an ophthalmologic examination and probing and irrigation of the lacrimal drainage apparatus at baseline and every 4 to 6 weeks after initiation of docetaxel. During each visit, epiphora and canalicular stenosis were graded. Patients with epiphora were treated with tobramycin and dexamethasone drops. If epiphora worsened or if findings on probing and irrigation suggested further canalicular narrowing, silicone intubation was offered.

RESULTS:

Twenty-eight patients received docetaxel weekly, and 28 patients received docetaxel every 3 weeks. Eighteen patients (64%) who received weekly docetaxel developed epiphora. Epiphora was mild in seven patients, moderate in five, and severe in six. Nine patients had resolution of epiphora with tobramycin and dexamethasone administration. Nine patients had worsened canalicular stenosis; six underwent surgery. The median cumulative docetaxel dose was 496.5 mg at onset of epiphora and 889.5 mg at surgery. Eleven patients (39%) who received docetaxel every 3 weeks developed epiphora. The median cumulative docetaxel dose at onset of epiphora in this group was 420 mg. Epiphora was mild in nine patients, moderate in one, and severe in one. Nine patients had resolution of epiphora with tobramycin and dexamethasone administration. Two patients underwent surgery.

CONCLUSION:

Epiphora occurred in 64% of patients in the weekly group and in 39% of patients in the every-3-weeks group. Moderate or severe canalicular stenosis was seen in about one-third of patients in the weekly group and in none of the patients in the every-3-weeks group.

PMID:
16877729
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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