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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2006 Sep 15;348(1):183-91. Epub 2006 Jul 21.

CD300 antigen like family member G: A novel Ig receptor like protein exclusively expressed on capillary endothelium.

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  • 1Laboratory for Epithelial Immunobiology, Research Center for Allergy and Immunology, RIKEN, Yokohama 230-0045, Japan.

Abstract

We report the characteristics of CD300LG, a member of the CD300 antigen like family. Its genomic structure is similar in both mouse and human, and at least four isoforms exist in both species. The amino acid sequence of the immunoglobulin (Ig) V like domain of CD300LG showed approximately 35% identity to those of the polymeric Ig receptor (pIgR) and Fcalpha/muR. Interestingly, mouse CD300LG proteins were uniquely expressed on capillary endothelium. Immunoelectron microscopy revealed that mouse CD300LG is localized on both apical and basolateral plasma membranes, as well as on intracellular vesicular structures, in the capillary endothelium. Transcytosis assays using polarized MDCK epithelial cells showed that CD300LG could be transcytosed bidirectionally. Furthermore, CD300LG exogenously expressed on HeLa cells could take up IgA2 and IgM, but not IgG. These results suggest that CD300LG might play an important role in molecular traffic across the capillary endothelium.

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