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Arthritis Rheum. 2006 Aug;54(8):2674-87.

Modeling of tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily 1A mutants associated with tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated periodic syndrome indicates misfolding consistent with abnormal function.

Author information

  • 1University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK. mrxslr@nottingham.ac.uk

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the effect of mutations in the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily 1A (TNFRSF1A) gene on the conformation and behavior of the TNFRSF1A protein. Mutations in TNFRSF1A cause the autosomal-dominant, autoinflammatory TNFR-associated periodic syndrome (TRAPS).

METHODS:

The expression of recombinant TNFRSF1A was compared in SK-HEp-1 endothelial cells and HEK 293 epithelial cells stably transfected with full-length R347A or Deltasig constructs of wild-type or TRAPS-associated mutant TNFRSF1A. TNF binding was assessed in HEK 293 cell lines expressing R347A wild-type or mutant TNFRSF1A. Homology modeling of the 3-dimensional structure of the ectodomains of wild-type and mutant TNFRSF1A was performed.

RESULTS:

TRAPS-associated mutant and wild-type TNFRSF1A behaved differently and had different localization properties within the cell, as a direct result of mutations in the ectodomains of TNFRSF1A. From a structural perspective, mutants with a predicted structure similar to that of the wild-type protein (e.g., R92Q) behaved similarly to wild-type TNFRSF1A, whereas forms of TNFRSF1A with mutations predicted to drastically destabilize the protein structure (e.g., cysteine mutations) showed defects in cell surface expression and TNF binding.

CONCLUSION:

The results obtained from the in vitro experiments, in combination with the modeled structures, indicate that the phenotype and clinical differences between different TRAPS-associated mutants of TNFRSF1A result from different conformations of the TNFRSF1A ectodomains.

PMID:
16871532
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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