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Br J Cancer. 2006 Sep 4;95(5):642-8. Epub 2006 Jul 25.

Risk of breast, ovary, and uterine corpus cancers among 85,268 women with AIDS.

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  • 1Viral Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD 20892, USA.


By linking HIV/AIDS and cancer surveillance data in 12 US regions, breast and reproductive cancer risks with AIDS were compared to those in the general population. Trends in standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) were assessed by CD4 count, AIDS-relative time, and calendar time. Standardized incidence ratios were indirectly adjusted for cancer risk factors using data from AIDS cohort participants and the general population. With AIDS, 313 women developed breast cancer (SIR 0.69, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.62-0.77), 42 developed ovary cancer (SIR 1.05, 95% CI, 0.75-1.42), and 31 developed uterine corpus cancer (SIR 0.57, 95% CI, 0.39-0.81). Uterine cancer risk was reduced significantly after age 50 (SIR 0.33). Breast cancer risk was reduced significantly both before (SIR 0.71) and after (SIR 0.66) age 50, and was lower for local or regional (SIR 0.54) than distant (SIR 0.89) disease. Breast cancer risk varied little by CD4 count (Ptrend=0.47) or AIDS-relative time (Ptrend=0.14) or after adjustment for established cancer risk factors. However, it increased significantly between 1980 and 2002 (Ptrend=0.003), approaching the risk of the general population. We conclude that the cancer deficit reflected direct or indirect effects of HIV/AIDS and that anti-HIV therapy reduced these effects.

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