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Epilepsy Res. 1991 Jul;9(2):127-31.

CNQX, a new non-NMDA receptor antagonist, reduces spike wave discharges in the WAG/Rij rat model of absence epilepsy.

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  • 1Rudolf Magnus Institute for Pharmacology, University of Utrecht, The Netherlands.


The effects on seizures, EEG and behavior of the non-NMDA receptor antagonist CNQX (6-cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione), were studied in the WAG/Rij rat with absence epilepsy. Intracerebroventricular injections (10, 50, and 100 nmol/5 microliters CNQX) showed that CNQX decreases the number of spike wave discharges in a dose-dependent way. Coinjection of CNQX (100 nmol/5 microliters) and AMPA (0.1 pmol/5 microliters), kainic acid (0.01 nmol/5 microliters) or NMDA (50 pmol/5 microliters) attenuated the CNQX response, indicating that CNQX acts on both non-NMDA and NMDA receptors. The observed effects appear to be specific manipulations of the epilepsy not mediated by behavioral changes.

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