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Int J Clin Exp Hypn. 2006 Jul;54(3):340-59.

Effects of misleading questions and hypnotic memory suggestion on memory reports: a signal-detection analysis.

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  • 1University of Windsor, Ontario, Canada. scoboria@uwindsor.ca

Abstract

In 2002, the first author and colleagues reported data indicating that both hypnosis and misleading questions decreased the accuracy of memory reports and decreased "don't know" response rates, that the effects of misleading questions were significantly greater than those of hypnosis, and that the two effects were additive. Using a sample of 194 undergraduate students, the present study replicated the findings that misleading questions reduce accuracy and "don't know" responding but failed to replicate the negative effect of hypnosis on memory reports. Signal detection analysis indicated that misleading questioning produced decreased sensitivity accompanied by higher response bias, though affecting sensitivity more than producing a criterion shift.

PMID:
16858906
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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