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Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2006 Oct 15;174(8):858-66. Epub 2006 Jul 20.

Mutations of DNAI1 in primary ciliary dyskinesia: evidence of founder effect in a common mutation.

Author information

  • 1University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 27599-7248, USA, and Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, University Hospital Freiburg, Germany. zariwala@med.unc.edu

Abstract

RATIONALE:

Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a rare, usually autosomal recessive, genetic disorder characterized by ciliary dysfunction, sino-pulmonary disease, and situs inversus. Disease-causing mutations have been reported in DNAI1 and DNAH5 encoding outer dynein arm (ODA) proteins of cilia.

OBJECTIVES:

We analyzed DNAI1 to identify disease-causing mutations in PCD and to determine if the previously reported IVS1+2_3insT (219+3insT) mutation represents a "founder" or "hot spot" mutation.

METHODS:

Patients with PCD from 179 unrelated families were studied. Exclusion mapping showed no linkage to DNAI1 for 13 families; the entire coding region was sequenced in a patient from the remaining 166 families. Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was performed on nasal epithelial RNA in 14 families.

RESULTS:

Mutations in DNAI1 including 12 novel mutations were identified in 16 of 179 (9%) families; 14 harbored biallelic mutations. Deep intronic splice mutations were not identified by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. The prevalence of mutations in families with defined ODA defect was 13%; no mutations were found in patients without a defined ODA defect. The previously reported IVS1+2_3insT mutation accounted for 57% (17/30) of mutant alleles, and marker analysis indicates a common founder for this mutation. Seven mutations occurred in three exons (13, 16, and 17); taken together with previous reports, these three exons are emerging as mutation clusters harboring 29% (12/42) of mutant alleles.

CONCLUSIONS:

A total of 10% of patients with PCD are estimated to harbor mutations in DNAI1; most occur as a common founder IVS1+2_3insT or in exons 13, 16, and 17. This information is useful for establishing a clinical molecular genetic test for PCD.

PMID:
16858015
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2648054
Free PMC Article
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