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Genomics. 1991 Nov;11(3):670-8.

Structure and sequence of the human homeobox gene HOX7.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, St. Mary's Hospital Medical School, Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine, London, United Kingdom.

Abstract

A cosmid containing the human sequence HOX7, homologous to the murine Hox-7 gene, was isolated from a genomic library, and the positions of the coding sequences were determined by hybridization. DNA sequence analysis demonstrated two exons that code for a homeodomain-containing protein of 297 amino acids. The open reading frame is interrupted by a single intron of approximately 1.6 kb, the splice donor and acceptor sites of which conform to known consensus sequences. The human HOX7 coding sequence has a very high degree of identity with the murine Hox-7 cDNA. Within the homeobox, the two sequences share 94% identity at the DNA level, all substitutions being silent. This high level of sequence similarity is not confined to the homeodomain; overall the human and murine HOX7 gene products show 80% identity at the amino acid level. Both the 5' and 3' untranslated regions also show significant similarity to the murine gene, with 79 and 70% sequence identity, respectively. The sequence upstream of the coding sequence of exon 1 contains a GC-rich putative promoter region. There is no TATA box, but a CCAAT and numerous GC boxes are present. The region encompassing the promoter region, exon 1, and the 5' region of exon 2 have a higher than expected frequency of CpG dinucleotides; numerous sites for rare-cutter restriction enzymes are present, a characteristic of HTF islands.

PMID:
1685479
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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