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J Phys Chem B. 2005 Oct 20;109(41):19046-51.

How well can density functional methods describe hydrogen bonds to pi acceptors?

Abstract

We employed four newly developed density functional theory (DFT) methods for the calculation of five pi hydrogen bonding systems, namely, H2O-C6H6, NH3-C6H6, HCl-C6H6, H2O-indole, and H2O-methylindole. We report new coupled cluster calculations for HCl-C6H6 that support the experimental results of Gotch and Zwier. Using the best available theoretical and experimental results for all five systems, our calculations show that the recently proposed MPW1B95, MPWB1K, PW6B95, and PWB6K methods give accurate energetic and geometrical predictions for pi hydrogen bonding interactions, for which B3LYP fails and PW91 is less accurate. We recommend the most recent DFT method, PWB6K, for investigating larger pi hydrogen bonded systems, such as those that occur in molecular recognition, protein folding, and crystal packing.

PMID:
16853454
[PubMed]

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