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J Phys Chem B. 2005 Aug 25;109(33):15749-53.

Ultrafast wavelength-dependent lasing-time dynamics in single ZnO nanotetrapod and nanowire lasers.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA.

Abstract

The ultrafast lasing dynamics of single zinc oxide nanotetrapods and nanowires are investigated by two-color femtosecond excitation/optical injection spectroscopy. The transient spectral gain induced by time-delayed optical injection pulses (400 nm) is used to investigate the spectrally and temporally resolved lasing properties in a single tetrapod or nanowire laser excited by 267-nm pulses. The lasing output pulse exhibits a faster lasing decay time than the carrier decays due to the superlinear dependence of the lasing on the carrier density. Lasing at the low-energy side of the gain bandwidth (392 nm) has a full width at half maximum (fwhm) for stimulated emission of 1.7 ps. Lasing at 390 nm, the high-energy side of the gain bandwidth, has a fwhm of 2.1 ps for a single example nanowire. The change in lasing dynamics as a function of wavelength is affected by band gap renormalization, since lasing in the electron-hole plasma regime depends not only on the carrier density but also on the band gap shift with carrier density.

PMID:
16852998
[PubMed]
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