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J Phys Chem B. 2005 Jun 2;109(21):10567-73.

Raman spectroscopy of individual single-walled carbon nanotubes from various sources.

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  • 1Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Institut für Nanotechnologie, D-76021 Karlsruhe, Germany.


Resonance Raman spectroscopy/microscopy was used to study individualized single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) both in aqueous suspensions as well as after spin-coating onto Si/SiO2 surfaces. Four different SWNT materials containing nanotubes with diameters ranging from 0.7 to 1.6 nm were used. Comparison with Raman data obtained for suspensions shows that the surface does not dramatically affect the electronic properties of the deposited tubes. Raman features observed for deposited SWNTs are similar to what was measured for nanotubes directly fabricated on surfaces using chemical vapor deposition (CVD) methods. In particular, individual semiconducting tubes could be distinguished from metallic tubes by their different G-mode line shapes. It could also be shown that the high-power, short-time sonication used to generate individualized SWNT suspensions does not induce defects in great quantities. However, (additional) defects can be generated by laser irradiation of deposited SWNTs in air, thus giving rise to an increase of the D-mode intensity for even quite low power densities (approximately 10(4) W/cm2).

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