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J Phys Chem B. 2005 May 12;109(18):9014-9.

Effect of an "ionic liquid" cation, 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium, on the molecular organization of H2O.

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  • 1Department of Liberal Arts and Basic Sciences, College of Industrial Technology, Nihon University, Narashino, Chiba 275-8575, Japan.


The excess partial molar enthalpy of 1-propanol (1P), , was measured at 28 degrees C in the ternary mixture of 1P-1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ([bmim]Cl)-H(2)O in the H(2)O-rich composition range. From these data we evaluated what we call the 1P-1P enthalpic interaction function, . Its changes induced by addition of [bmim]Cl of the pattern of were used as a probe to elucidate the effect of [bmim]Cl on the molecular organization of H(2)O. It was found that the effect of Cl(-) was not conspicuous within this methodology, and the observed dependence is predominantly due to the hydration of [bmim](+). The changes in the x(1P)-dependence of were compared with those brought about by temperature increase, or by the addition of fructose or glycerol. It was found that the effect of [bmim](+) is similar to that of fructose or increased temperature. We speculate that in the H(2)O-rich composition region a number of H(2)O molecules are attracted to the delocalized positive charge of the imidazolium ring and the bulk of H(2)O is influenced in such a manner that the global hydrogen bond probability is reduced.

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