Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Mol Cancer Res. 2006 Jul;4(7):481-8.

An autocrine loop involving ret and glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor mediates retinoic acid-induced neuroblastoma cell differentiation.

Author information

  • 1Istituto per l'Endocrinologia e l'Oncologia Sperimentale del Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche G. Salvatore, Naples, Italy.


In several neuroblastoma cell lines, retinoic acid (RA)-induced differentiation is coupled to increased expression of functional neurotrophic factor receptors, including Trk family receptors and the glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor receptor, Ret. In several cases, increased expression is dependent on signaling through TrkB. Unlike TrkA and TrkB, Ret has never been implicated as a prognostic marker for neuroblastomas. SK-N-BE(2) cells do not express any of Trk family receptors; therefore, they are a choice system to study the specific role of Ret in RA-induced differentiation. Using a 2'-fluoro-RNA aptamer and a truncated Ret protein as specific inhibitors of Ret, we show that RA-induced differentiation is mediated by a positive autocrine loop that sustains Ret downstream signaling and depends on glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor expression and release. This report shows that in SK-N-BE(2) cells, stimulation of Ret is a major upstream mechanism needed to mediate RA-induced differentiation. These results provide important insights on the molecular mechanism of RA action, which might be relevant for the development of biologically based therapeutic strategies.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk