Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006 Jul 25;103(30):11276-81. Epub 2006 Jul 17.

Transgenic mice rich in endogenous omega-3 fatty acids are protected from colitis.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA.


Omega-6 (n-6) and omega-3 (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) are the precursors of potent lipid mediators and play an important role in regulation of inflammation. Generally, n-6 PUFA promote inflammation whereas n-3 PUFA have antiinflammatory properties, traditionally attributed to their ability to inhibit the formation of n-6 PUFA-derived proinflammatory eicosanoids. Newly discovered resolvins and protectins are potent antiinflammatory lipid mediators derived directly from n-3 PUFA with distinct pathways of action. However, the role of the n-3 PUFA tissue status in the formation of these antiinflammatory mediators has not been addressed. Here we show that an increased n-3 PUFA tissue status in transgenic mice that endogenously biosynthesize n-3 PUFA from n-6 PUFA leads to significant formation of antiinflammatory resolvins and effective reduction in inflammation and tissue injury in colitis. The endogenous increase in n-3 PUFA and related products did not decrease n-6 PUFA-derived lipid mediators such as leukotriene B4 and prostaglandin E2. The observed inflammation protection might result from decreased NF-kappaB activity and expression of TNFalpha, inducible NO synthase, and IL-1beta, with enhanced mucoprotection probably because of the higher expression of trefoil factor 3, Toll-interacting protein, and zonula occludens-1. These results thus establish the fat-1 transgenic mouse as a new experimental model for the study of n-3 PUFA-derived lipid mediators. They add insight into the molecular mechanisms of inflammation protection afforded by n-3 PUFA through formation of resolvins and protectins other than inhibition of n-6 PUFA-derived eicosanoid formation.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk