Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Am Coll Cardiol. 2006 Jul 18;48(2):298-304. Epub 2006 Jun 22.

Insulin therapy is associated with platelet dysfunction in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus on dual oral antiplatelet treatment.

Author information

  • 1Division of Cardiology, University of Florida, Shands Jacksonville, Jacksonville, Florida 32209, USA. dominick.angiolillo@jax.ufl.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study sought to assess the influence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and the impact of hypoglycemic treatment (insulin vs. noninsulin) on platelet function profiles in patients treated with dual oral antiplatelet therapy.

BACKGROUND:

Insulin inhibits platelet aggregation by suppressing the P2Y12 pathway. However, T2DM patients have a loss of responsiveness to insulin that leads to upregulation of the P2Y12 pathway, increased platelet reactivity, and reduced responsiveness to antiplatelet agents. Patients with insulin-treated diabetes mellitus (ITDM) have a more advanced disease status and higher atherothrombotic risk compared with non-ITDM (NITDM). However, the impact of insulin therapy on platelet dysfunction in patients treated with P2Y12 antagonists is unknown.

METHODS:

A total of 201 T2DM and 65 nondiabetic patients with coronary artery disease in a steady phase of aspirin and clopidogrel treatment were studied. Platelet aggregation was assessed using agonists specific (6 and 20 microM adenosine diphosphate [ADP]) and nonspecific (6 microg/ml collagen and 20 microM epinephrine) for the P2Y12 pathway. High shear-induced platelet reactivity was assessed by means of the PFA-100 system (Dade-Behring International, Miami, Florida).

RESULTS:

The T2DM patients had platelet aggregation and shear-induced platelet function significantly increased compared with nondiabetic patients using all assays. Platelet aggregation was increased in ITDM (n = 68) compared with NITDM (n = 133) patients after P2Y12-specific stimuli. Insulin treatment was the strongest predictor of ADP-induced aggregation. Platelet function profiles were similar between ITDM and NITDM using assays nonspecific to the P2Y12 pathway. Platelet dysfunction was independent of glycemic control and inflammatory status.

CONCLUSIONS:

The P2Y12-dependent and -independent pathways of platelet reactivity are altered in T2DM compared with nondiabetic patients, and ITDM have greater ADP-induced platelet aggregation compared with NITDM.

Comment in

PMID:
16843179
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk