Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Med. 2006 Jul;119(7 Suppl 1):S30-5.

Incidence and prevalence of hyponatremia.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.


Hyponatremia is the most common electrolyte abnormality encountered in clinical practice. The reported frequency of the disorder is determined by a number of factors, including the definition of hyponatremia, the frequency of testing, the healthcare setting, and the patient population. This review focuses on the incidence and prevalence of hyponatremia. In acute hospital care, particular attention is given to admission versus hospital-acquired hyponatremia. Although less well studied, the epidemiology of hyponatremia in the ambulatory-based setting and the geriatric/nursing home population is also summarized. Finally, the frequency of hyponatremia occurring in special clinical conditions--including congestive heart failure, cirrhosis, pneumonia, and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome--as well as in marathon runners will be reviewed. Substantial additional work is still required to determine the true occurrence of hyponatremia in the various clinical settings. Beyond the phenomenologic value, advances in the epidemiology of hyponatremia should also provide insights in the prognostic implications as well as the preventive and management strategies of the disorder in various clinical settings.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

LinkOut - more resources

Full Text Sources

Other Literature Sources

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk