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Arch Neurol. 2006 Jul;63(7):1016-21.

Childhood onset in familial prion disease with a novel mutation in the PRNP gene.

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  • 1Centre for Research in Neurodegenerative Diseases, Department of Medicine, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Up to 15% of cases of prion diseases are due to the autosomal dominant inheritance of coding PRNP mutations.

OBJECTIVE:

To describe the unique clinical and genetic findings in a family of East Indian origin with autosomal dominant inheritance of a novel PRNP mutation.

DESIGN:

Detailed neurological examination and sequencing analysis of the MAPT and PRNP genes.

SETTING:

Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto, Ontario.

PATIENTS:

Five available members of a family of East Indian origin with a rapidly progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by dementia, motor decline, and ataxia.

RESULTS:

We identified a novel Pro105Thr mutation in the PRNP gene in all of the 3 clinically affected family members but not in their unaffected relatives or normal controls. Although 5 of 6 affected family members had a relatively homogeneous phenotype and age at onset (range, 33-41 years), 1 of the 6 patients developed the disease at age 13 years.

CONCLUSIONS:

A novel mutation in the PRNP gene was identified in all of the available, clinically affected members of this family with a rapidly progressive neurodegenerative disease. To our knowledge, the propositus represents the youngest individual with inherited prion disease described to date.

PMID:
16831973
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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