Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Leukoc Biol. 2006 Sep;80(3):546-54. Epub 2006 Jul 5.

Adipose tissue of human omentum is a major source of dendritic cells, which lose MHC Class II and stimulatory function in Crohn's disease.

Author information

  • 1Antigen Presentation Research Group, Imperial College London, Northwick Park and St. Mark's Campus, 7W, Watford Road, Harrow HA1 3UJ, UK.

Abstract

Adipose tissue is reported to contain monocyte-like pre-adipocytes, which may mature into macrophages, contributing to local inflammation. Dendritic cells (DC) can be derived from monocytes and initiate and regulate primary immune responses. We hypothesized, therefore, that adipose tissue may provide DC involved in local immune activity. To test this, we studied cells from human omental adipose tissue samples from 17 patients with benign gynecological disease. The hypothesis that adipose tissue DC are involved in inflammatory disease was tested by comparing these cells with those from 18 patients with Crohn's disease, where hypertrophy of adipose tissue suggests involvement in disease. A high proportion of the 1.33 +/- 0.12 x 10(5) CD45-positive cells/mg, obtained from control omenta, expressed CD11c, CD1a, and CD83; costimulatory molecules CD40, CD80, and CD86; and major histocompatibility complex (MHC) Class II but little CD14, CD16, or CD33. Omental cells showing morphological characteristics of DC were also observed. Metrizamide gradient-enriched DC from these populations were potent stimulators of primary proliferation of allogeneic T cells in mixed leukocyte reactions. Increased numbers of CD45+ cells from omentum of Crohn's patients (4.50+/-1.08 x 10(5) CD45+ cells/mg) contained higher percentages of CD11c+ and CD40+ cells (80.8+/-3.8% vs. 63.4+/-6, P=0.032; 77.9+/-4% vs. 58.8+/-6.5, P=0.029, respectively), but MHC Class II and stimulatory capacity were almost completely lost (P= <0.001), suggesting innate activation but lost capacity to stimulate adaptive immune responses. Granulocytes were also present amongst the omental cells from Crohn's patients. Results indicated that omentum may provide DC, which could "police" local infections and contribute to and/or reflect local inflammatory activity.

PMID:
16822853
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk