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Adv Chronic Kidney Dis. 2006 Jul;13(3):209-14.

Overview of vaccination in chronic kidney disease.

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  • 1Division of Nephrology, Tufts-New England Medical Center, Boston, MA 02111, USA.


Infections are a major cause of death in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients, second only to cardiovascular disease, and also contribute to significant morbidity in patients with earlier stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Vaccines are a strategy to attempt to reduce morbidity related to infections. Patients with CKD and ESRD may not respond as well to vaccines as patients without kidney failure, but adequate seroresponse with standard or augmented regimens for vaccinations against influenza, hepatitis B, pneumococcus, and varicella have been documented. Influenza, in particular, seems to provide adequate protection with standard dosing regimens. Despite somewhat reduced effectiveness of certain vaccines in patients with CKD, there is emerging evidence of benefit to vaccination in these populations. However, vaccination rates are relatively low. Given the accumulating evidence of benefit, continuing quality improvement programs focused on increasing vaccination rates in patients with all levels of CKD are needed.

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