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J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2006 Jul;118(1):250-6.

Predictive value of skin prick tests using recombinant allergens for diagnosis of peanut allergy.

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  • 1EA3999 Allergic Diseases: Diagnosis and Therapeutics Department of Internal Medicine, Clinical Immunology and Allergology, University Hospital, Central Hospital, 15 rue du Bois de la Champelle, 54500 Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy, France.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Current diagnosis of peanut allergy relies on natural extracts that lack standardization. Recombinant DNA technology allows production of pure biochemically characterized proteins. Their usefulness for peanut allergy diagnosis is not established.

OBJECTIVE:

This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic value of the 3 major recombinant peanut allergens.

METHODS:

Recombinant (r) Ara h 1, rAra h 2, and rAra h 3 were produced according to the recommendations of good manufacturing practice for recombinant allergens. Skin prick tests (SPTs) and IgE ELISA assays were performed in 30 patients with peanut allergy and 30 control subjects without food allergy: 15 nonatopic and 15 sensitized to birch pollen. Disease severity was graded by clinical scoring.

RESULTS:

All patients with peanut allergy showed positive SPT results to rAra h 2; 40% reacted with rAra h 1 and 27% with rAra h 3. No control subjects reacted with any of the recombinant allergens. Monosensitization to rAra h 2 was observed in 53% of patients. Neither SPT size nor levels of specific IgE were correlated with the disease severity. However, patients with monosensitization to rAra h 2 had a significantly lower severity score than polysensitized subjects and a lower level of specific IgE against peanut extract and rAra h 2.

CONCLUSION:

Skin prick tests to individual recombinant peanut allergens appear to be a safe and effective diagnostic tool. Cosensitization to rAra h 2 and rArah 1 and/or rAra h 3 is predictive of more severe reactions.

CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS:

Recombinant peanut allergens can be used by SPTs for diagnosis and evaluation of allergy severity.

PMID:
16815163
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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